# Push element into second dimension of 2-dimensional array in JavaScript

Let's assume that we want to declare a 2-dimensional array (length = 5) in JavaScript.

## Wrong approach

```javascript```// 🔴 Wrong approach to create a 2-dimensional array
let array = Array(5).fill([]);

// It looks good on paper
console.log(array);

/*
(5) [Array(0), Array(0), Array(0), Array(0), Array(0)]
0: []
1: []
2: []
3: []
4: []
length: 5
__proto__: Array(0)
*/

// But let's say we want to push an element into it
// E.g. at index = 2
array.push('Erik');

// Let's print the result
console.log(array);

/*
(5) [Array(1), Array(1), Array(1), Array(1), Array(1)]
0: ["Erik"]
1: ["Erik"]
2: ["Erik"]
3: ["Erik"]
4: ["Erik"]
length: 5
__proto__: Array(0)
*/
``````

Oops! The problem with this approach is that after pushing the element, it's replicating in all the positions of the array.

## Correct approach

When we fill the array with `[]`, we are passing the same array reference to each position. As we want independent arrays, we could create the 2-dimensional array like this:

```javascript```// ✅ Create a 2-dimensional array using ES6
// .map is returning 5 new arrays
let array = Array(5).fill(0).map(elem => []);

// Now we can push an element without any troubles
array.push('Erik');

// Let's print the result
console.log(array);

/*
(5) [Array(0), Array(0), Array(1), Array(0), Array(0)]
0: []
1: []
2: ["Erik"]
3: []
4: []
length: 5
__proto__: Array(0)
*/
`````` Hi, I'm Erik, an engineer from Barcelona. If you like the post or have any comments, say hi.